In the previous lesson, I shared how to accurately paint the lit and shadowed regions of the model's face, as well as the mid-tones in-between. These 3 regions of light, dark, and mid-tone can be seen in this first image.
(Note: If you haven't read the previous lesson yet, I recommend you read it first: How to Make Your Flat Portraits Look 3-D (Part I).)
The image below shows my next stage… the hair, scarf, and shirt are painted with just 2 values each–1 value for the lit side, 1 value for the shadowed side ("value" describes how light or dark a color is).
Now, Let's Address All
Those Hard-Edged Shapes
Even at the current stage, things are beginning to look 3-D. However, value alone cannot completely describe form. To do this, Value needs his trusty co-worker Edge.
"Edge" describes the quality of the boundary between two adjacent shapes. Together, value and edge create the illusion of form.
TIP: Don't be tempted to grab your softest brush and obliterate all those unseemly hard edges too quickly. Edges have a delicate hierarchy that must be observed carefully. There are razor-sharp edges, there are softer edges, and there is every other type of edge in-between.
Two Trusty Guides To
Traverse Edgy Terrain
- Identify the very sharpest edge in
your subject and paint it first
Painting the very sharpest edge first establishes a
standard against which you can compare all other edges.
(In my subject, the sharpest edge happens to be
the edge between the collar and chest.)
- Before painting each edge, ask yourself,
"How much softer or sharper is this edge
than one I've already painted?"
Two Ways to Soften an Edge
Of course, there are many ways to soften an edge, but here are the 2 main methods…
- Drag one shape into another with a clean, dry brush
I softened her hair by dragging its shape into the background and the background into the hair.
- Paint a transitional value along an edge you wish to soften
Look at the narrow, grayish-violet shape along the cheek between the it and shadowed regions. The value of this shape falls in-between the lit and shadowed regions, too.
Even though I chose not to use additional strokes to soften this shape, our eye automatically "blends" the shape into the adjacent shapes, especially when viewed at a distance.
Did you find this lesson valuable? Watch me demonstrate these principles on video in my upcoming online course, "Learn to Paint Dynamic Portraits & Figures in Oil." Click the button below for more info!
Next week, I'll talk about Avoiding Chalky & Muddy Skin-Tones.
Happy painting, everyone!